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Policy Note | Unpaid care work — the vast majority of such work in the United States — is primarily shouldered by economically vulnerable people. The costs associated with unpaid care work compound existing economic insecurity, leading to higher rates of poverty in old age. It is essential to support informal caregivers by recognizing caregiving as work and expanding their access to social safety net programs and providing paid family care leave. 

Research Note | Unfriendly Labor Markets for Older Workers Require Bold Moves for Retirement Savings: Analysis of Labor Force Engagement of Older People in Selected States

Paper | Over the last few years, economists have focused on the long-run effects of persistent shocks on economic output. In this paper, we use a small-scale macroeconomic model to show how the macroeconomy adjusts to a deep contraction and how credit dynamics, along with the monetary policy design, may influence the extent of these scars through numerical simulations. 

Policy Note | The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), a popular federal program that has been replicated in many states and lifts millions out of poverty, has historically excluded most older workers from receiving benefits at the same rate as their younger counterparts. A New York state expansion of its EITC program would benefit tens of thousands of older low-income New Yorkers, thereby supporting them at a vital time in their work lives and benefiting the state economy. 

Policy Note | Social Security is the most essential and well-functioning part of the U.S. retirement system. Any reforms to federal retirement policy—while necessary and long overdue—must be built on the foundation of a protected and strengthened Social Security system. More than 60 percent of adults 65 and older receive most of their income from Social Security and all recipients benefit from the annuitized income the system provides. Despite calls to cut benefits and misleading claims about its finances, Social Security should be bolstered and expanded.